What are canker sores?
Canker sores are aptly described as small but extremely painful ulcers which are found inside our mouth or upper throat. And while canker sores are not the contagious type of oral sores, the causes for these painful nuisances are unknown.
Some people rarely get canker sores while there are some individuals who get multiple aphthous sores in a recurring manner. In the case of the latter, canker sores are referred to as Sutton’s Disease.
Signs and Symptoms of Canker Sores
Canker sores can occur in all individuals regardless of age. However, these mouth sores occur more frequently in women than in men. Oftentimes, these sores are localized in mucous membrane linings specifically on the cheeks, lips, roof of the mouth and tongue. Canker sores start with a burning or tingling feeling on the site of the future sore that develops into a red bump or sore and eventually into a full-fledged open ulcer.
An aphthous sore is described as a white or yellow colored oval or circle ulcer with a red border. Sometimes, a white border can be seen around a canker sore which described a layer of fibrin which signifies that clotting of blood has already occurred. Canker sores are characteristically painful especially when they are agitated and in the case of large sores, it’s even normal for the lymph nodes below the jaw to be swollen.
Causes of Canker Sores
It’s normal for a person to have a canker sore episodes fewer than four times in an entire year to more than one episode on a monthly basis for individuals with the recurring type of aphthous sores. The exact causes of canker sores are still unknown but it has been said that exposure to too much citrus fruits, sleeplessness, abrupt weight loss, physical trauma, and deficiencies in vitamin B12, iron, and folic acid can increase a person’s probability of having a canker sore.
Of the reasons listed, the most common cause of canker sores is accidental injury to the mucous membranes either from biting oneself frequently using the canine teeth, being punctured by an abrasive food such as chips and use of braces.
On the flip side of the coin, canker sores may be more than just an accidental bite on your upper lip; these mouth ulcers could also be signs for various diseases such as Crohn’s Disease, Behcet Disease and Celiac’s Disease with the treatment of these diseases essential in getting rid of recurring canker sores.